While some consensus had been reached amongst architects by the 1950s on the general principles of the modern movement in architecture, the way those principles were articulated through design remained open to a wide range of variation. In part this was because of changing tastes in architecture: the movement from a Scandinavian-inspired ‘soft’ modernism, called the ‘New Empiricism’ in the 1950s, to a ‘hard’ style amongst the younger generation more inuenced by Le Corbusier from the 1950s to the 1960s has been widely documented, and there were further new trends. In the context of church architecture, each interpretation of modernism brought dierent qualities and meanings to the parish church.