By 1955, modern architecture had reached such widespread acceptance that it had become the prevailing mode of design for many building types, from housing and schools to oces. There were also several notable modernist church buildings: on the Lansbury Estate at Poplar in east London, Trinity Congregational church by Cecil Handisyde and D. Rogers Stark had been completed as a showpiece of the Festival of Britain’s architecture programme in 1951 (Figure 2.1), and that year Basil Spence won the competition for Coventry Cathedral, arousing enormous public interest in modern architecture. Roman Catholics in Britain would eventually also accede to this movement; yet at rst, their predominant reactions were compromise or stoic resistance in defence of a perceived tradition of church architecture.