The introductory chapter sets out the focus, purpose and the theoretical framework for the book. It argues that much of the literature about tourism seeks to explore and make sense of tourism by adopting approaches that focus on particularities such as visuality, identity, mobility, myth making, tourism as a type of performance, as a networked ordering of modernity, or as a form of globalised consumption or worldmaking. As important as these approaches are, what is missing is a unifying framework capable of uncovering the cosmological significance of tourism, a framing woven out of the theoretical threads of anthropology and philosophy. Drawing on concepts from Ingold and Heidegger, I argue that dwelling is a way of being human-in-the-world and tourism enables a particular type of dwelling to occur that shapes the ways in which individuals think, feel and understand what it is to be human. The book is thematically structured to provide an analysis of the foundational elements of dwelling rather than every possible way in which being and dwelling through tourism can be uncovered.