ABSTRACT

ThereareenoughquotationstosupportHeine'sthesis,eveninFrench historiography.JulesMicheletdidnotwritehisHistoryoftheFrench RevolutionwithoutreferringtoKlopstock,Goethe,andKant,that"rock,"as hesaid,"formedbyadamantinthegraniteoftheBaltic."Inthe1970s, AndreGlucksmann,oneofthespokesmenofthenouveauxphilosophes, quotedHeinetomakehispointagainstthe"masterthinkers"(Fichte, Hegel,Marx,Nietzsche)who,inhisopinion,hadprovidedthetoolsto implementtwentieth-centurytotalitarianism(LesMaitrespenseurs,1977).