The previous chapter demonstrated how Muslims are construed as ‘other’ to secular frameworks predicated on an intersection of whiteness and Christianity. Here, the chapter argued that peace-keeping and border protection initiatives become phrased in terms of this ‘secular’ intersection of whiteness and Christianity, wherein ‘brown’, ‘black’ non-Christian people can become criminalised because of their religion and race. In this context, mestiza/o whiteness and Anglo-Australian whiteness join to assess who can be a part of mainstream secular governmentality, who must be educated in line with this normative structure and who must be expelled from it in order to protect national and international borders and interests.