ABSTRACT

National governments and decision-makers in the twenty-first century face a new security environment which has emerged as a result of globalisation accompanied by the ever increasing speed of technological advancements. One consequence is that the historic national security paradigms that once formed the basis of geographically based security strategies have become irrelevant.2 Furthermore, the existing security environment poses a new set of security dynamics that is increasingly spawning a variety of asymmetric threats.3 In addition, the scale of global changes poses a serious challenge not only to stable, traditionally well-run democracies such as the United Kingdom (UK), but presents far greater challenges to fragile states.4 This in turn has a direct impact on the UK and other nations.