Following the 9/11 attacks in 2001, the first financial strike by the US in the so-called ‘global war on terror’ came in the form of Executive Order 13224,2 which targeted the financial assets of organisations and individuals linked to terrorism, including al-Qaeda. Executive Order 13224 was followed by numerous initiatives by the US, UK and various international bodies creating many new organisations with the aim of attacking terrorist financial networks. These multilateral initiatives led to the designation of 315 entities and seizures amounting to $200 million3 in monetary and other assets in over 1,400 accounts worldwide, as well as the arrests of over 4,000 suspects,4 including many senior

al-Qaeda operatives, making the countering of terrorist finance one of the most active dimensions in the global war on terror.