ABSTRACT

Intersectionality theory has evolved from early formulations suggesting the interaction of forms of oppression in an additive or multiplying fashion to later approaches declaring the inadequacy of formulas and the proliferation of categories of analysis. Crucial to these developments are the considerations of the processes in which difference is produced, and the conflictive contexts in which these processes occur. Advancements in intersectionality theory reflect developments in social theory elsewhere; the influence of poststructuralism has ushered in considerations of complexity, anti-foundationalism, the rejection of binaries, and the situatedness of all claims. Contemporary work on social identity disallows conventional dichotomies of powerful/oppressed and white/black. Subjectivity no longer infers that identity is atomistic or definitive of self. Khayatt is instructive on this point.