It seems worthwhile at this juncture to review the findings of the case studies discussed in the last three chapters for common themes and general conclusions. What can the history of competing analyses of China’s rural, international, and SOE sectors tell us about Chinese economic development and economics discourse? Why did modest attempts to expand the role of markets in circumscribed areas of the economy quickly spread to other sectors and promote capitalist practices? How did different intellectual frameworks generate very divergent understandings of economic restructuring? This chapter pulls together threads found in earlier chapters to address these questions. Most of the larger context and data supporting the conclusions that follow can be found in Chapters 4, 5, and 6.