The aim of this chapter is to provide a link between what has been said up to this point especially in the two preceding chapters, and the remaining part of this book. I will endeavour to state also as clearly as possible some of the issues involved in, including the objectives of, modern structuralism, but particularly the implications of these, either on a short or long range , in the development of a general theory of African poetics . This task will be pursued mainly through an examination of two specific examples of structural analysis. lndeed an understanding of the principles and methods of approach adopted by Roman Jakobson in the linguistic analysis of poetry and Roman Barthes in semiotic analysis, will enable us to appreciate better the relevance of structuralism to African literary criticism. The nature of this relevance, the possible contribution wh ich structuralism can make in the development and refinement of contemporary African aesthetics in general, is already evident from the argument in the preceding chapters.