This chapter builds on the holistic account of a person to construct a preliminary holistic model of motivation. Due to the changing human characteristics presented previously, a model of motivation needs to take into account a learner’s specific situation and relevant factors in that person’s current situation (e.g., environment, habits, interests, moods). This chapter also recognizes a variety of different learning situations. The traditional distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivation is discussed especially with regard to how extrinsic motivational factors may or may not influence intrinsic motivation that can then lead to appropriate changes in attitudes and beliefs and volition (all important follow-through). Self-regulation and metacognition are briefly mentioned as precursors for further elaboration in subsequent chapters.