ABSTRACT

Kyrgyzstan is a relatively new state, having been independent for only 25 years. However, in that short period Kyrgyzstan has seen four different presidents, experienced two violent revolutions, survived two interethnic conflicts, hosted two military air bases and implemented one erratic foreign policy of regime security. Despite this history, Kyrgyzstan has not fallen into the abyss of civil war like Tajikistan, nor has it become a quasi-autarchic state like Uzbekistan or Turkmenistan. The answer to this empirical puzzle may lie in the schism between the domestic and international dimensions of state and regime security in Central Asia, since states like Kyrgyzstan are distinguished by the complex nature of internal insecurities and external vulnerabilities.