The National-Bolshevik Party (NBP) of Eduard Limonov was formed in 1993. It has demonstrated a pattern of steady growth, with the result that it is now one of the largest political organization of fascist orientation in Russia, with a membership estimated to be in the range of 6,000 to 7,000. 1 The NBP has about 500 members in Moscow alone, several hundred more in St. Petersburg, functioning groups in more than half of Russia’s regions (Verkhovskii 2000), and some kind of presence in almost all parts of the Russian Federation. 2 (It also has branches in some cities of other post-Soviet states; for instance, NBP activities in Riga, Latvia, have drawn considerable attention.) Moreover, “members” can in principle be equated with “activists,” for the NBP, like the RNU but unlike some other fascist groups, requires of its members a high level of activism.