IN the summer of 1933 a Negro farmer from Georgia stood on the grounds of the White House to receive a medal from the President of the United States. He was honored because he was the first to plow under his quota of cotton. At that very time some fourteen million workers were unemployed and, in the words of the same President, a third of the nation was ill clothed. It may have been that the farmer who symbolized the campaign to destroy growing cotton had to borrow money to buy a decent shirt in which to appear for his award.