In the 1940s and 1950s, the government was by no means the only one who thought that higher education had to change. Academics like Bruce Truscot, a pseudonym for Edgar Allison Peers, or Walter Moberly published books that initiated widespread debates about the function of higher education and its place in modern society. Journals like Universities Quarterly, founded in 1946, provided a platform for discussion, and also the UGC increasingly tried to shape the future development of the universities.