DADABHAI AND S W A R A J Dadabhai N aoroji, who was always reasonable by temperament, had been gradually losing patience with the bureaucracy owing to its obdurate opposi­ tion to all the demands of the Congress, however moderately presented. He had come back from England in extreme old age to preside at Calcutta, and he expressed himself with the utmost freedom. No speech delivered by a president of the National Congress ever had more far-reaching effects than that of Dadabhai in 1906. It led on, almost inevitably, to the split between the Moderates and Extremists, which came about at Surat only a year later.