L ooking back upon the first five years of the twentieth century, which have been aptly described as the Curzon Era, we are able to see to-day in perspective that the increasingly imperious and high-handed attitude of Lord Curzon towards the people of India led on directly to a very strong reaction. For it came at the very time when the new spirit of nationalism in Bengal was gathering to a head. The National Congress, which had wel­ comed him with open arms when he first came, tvas in almost open revolt when he retired.