We have seen in preceding chapters how childbirth, a ‘happy event’, can in some cases, have profound negative implications for the mother’s mental health during pregnancy and, most of all, during the puerperium. In many research studies, the quality of the relationship with the partner has been found to have a significant part to play in the causation of the mother’s illness. However, men as well as women have complicated and variable reactions to the birth of a child, and there is growing interest in the interaction of the couple in the transition to parenthood 1 - 3 . The impact of puerperal illness in the mother may also have profound effects on the mental health of her partner 4 .