The purpose of this manual is to modernize and democratize dental morphological research in biological anthropology. It is intended for use by professional and future professional biological anthropologists who collect dental morphological data to learn something about human population history and variation, and by forensic anthropologists who want to include dental morphology in their estimations of ancestry. The manual also will be useful for documenting human remains in cultural resource management and similar situations. Finally, students taking dental anthropology and other classes can use it to learn how to collect dental morphological data.