ABSTRACT

This is the problem that evolution has set itself in creating an animal that is responsive to the two-dimensional non-instrumental norms that organize human life: How ought conflicts within our two-dimensional practical norms be resolved so that (1) in general the members of society come to be responsive to the norms that emerge from that resolution and (2) proximately and for the most part the conflicts are resolved as they should be so that the participants in the resulting communities live long and prosper in the environments in which they find themselves? In this chapter and the next I develop a suggestion regarding how it is that evolution solved this problem in the case of human beings.