Despite the greater opportunities afforded to carriers based in countries that have established "Open Skies" deals with the US, the UK continues to account for around 40% of the passenger traffic between the two continents. While overall traffic has grown by 60% between the US and European countries during the 1990s, certain states have experienced a decline. Table 7.1 shows the percentage change in the numbers of passengers travelling between the US and individual EU countries in 1990, 1994 and 1998. While most have experienced some growth in traffic, Denmark and Sweden have experienced a fall in the number of passengers travelling direct. The largest percentage growth in direct traffic has occurred between the US and the Netherlands.