The most valuable witness to early liturgical practice in Jerusalem is the Spanish pilgrim Egeria, whose pilgrimage there must have occupied much of the period between 381 and 384. 1 From northern Spain or south-west France, she appears to have been some kind of nun, and her descriptions were written for the edification of her sisters. Egeria passed over common practices that were known to her correspondents, and dwelt upon those that were novel, or peculiar to the Holy City.