The first set of factors that have been linked to environmental behaviour constitute the most fundamental bases of human subjectivity towards the environment and society in which we live. This chapter examines the wide ranging research into environmental values, attitudes and concern that has been undertaken and provides an account of the variability in research that exists in this area. Psychometric scales from the United States are examined in the first instance since these form the basis of social-psychological understanding of environmental values and behaviour. Context is then provided for environmental values within the United Kingdom, although this work has generally been outside the social-psychological arena. Finally, a cross-national evaluation of the impact of environmental values is given.