The notion of a special elect, a chosen people, race or group, has a considerable antiquity, and its many manifestations – not least in its millenarian forms – have been well documented and are well known in our own times. The millennium or ‘thousand year rule’, is an hypothesized (or anticipated) time when current evils will be banished, and a new order of society established. This may be conceived as a supernatural or a natural order, and may be ushered in either by a cataclysmic divine act or by some form of socio-political upheaval.