ABSTRACT

The Islamic Republic’s attempts to stamp out crimes in Iran has led to nowhere other than a high rate of female victimization at the hands of Iran’s oppressive criminal justice system. Among a multitude of law enforcement agencies involved in victimizing women, the moral police plays a significant role. Composed of a multitude of ramshackle forces that are known as the Munkirat, the main concern of the moral police has been to control a category of “crime” that is based on the Islamic judiciary’s view of gender and sexuality, and can be characterized as female provocative crimes. These “crimes,” accordingly stem from the manner in which adult and young women appear and conduct themselves in public in order to provoke young and adult men’s sinful desires. Therefore, these provocative female schemes have to be brought under control. The state’s concerns have been expressed in the Constitution under the so-called Mawazin-e Islami (Islamic criteria). In this chapter I explore these Islamic criteria in the Constitution by means of which Iranian women have been victimized at the hands of the state and its criminal justice agencies.