To take seriously the voices of Karamojong, it is necessary to bracket the secular Western perspective. The West has often exported its problems in a vain attempt to solve them, not least by intervening in nomadic pastoralism in the name of development (Dyson-Hudson 1985:158). 'For of the last stage of this cultural development, it might be truly said: "Specialists without spirit, sensualists without heart; this nullity imagines it has attained a level of civilization never before achieved"' (Weber 1930:182). The study of Africa, despite the position the world assigns it, teaches that the inclusion of religion is irreducibly necessary in order to understand cultural patterns and change, in short the meaning of earthly existence. To remove it out of the equation does the researcher no service.