Eccl. 1.4-11 is generally understood 1 as expressing Qoheleth’s characteristic view of the futility of human life, which he compares with the equally futile endless repetitions observable in nature. Undoubtedly certain repetitive processes in the natural world are described here (vv. 5-7), and the conclusion drawn that there is nothing new under the sun (v. 9). 2 But the view that Qoheleth regarded these natural phenomena as futile must be questioned.