The argument of this study, it will be recalled, is that a breakdown of government in the British workplace has led to widespread industrial disorder, and that this disorder, in turn, accounts for Britain’s economic weakness. In this chapter two questions are taken up. First, what forms does the disorder in British industry take? Second, how does this disorder affect productivity? The remaining question, the sources of the breakdown of industrial order, is deferred to later chapters. This chapter, then, is primarily concerned with the state of labor relations in the English factory; comparative materials from the German factory are introduced only to highlight certain contrasts.