In Chapter 6, we grapple directly with the limitations of liberal approaches and purely institutional responses to justice needs, exploring calls for transformation that go well beyond the immediate bounds of the UNFCCC or states themselves. We suggest that there have been two dominant narratives of transformation in the climate justice context – one emerging from grassroots mobilization and the other from efforts to drive rapid mitigation through green growth and technological developments. We identify three strategies that emerge out of the creative tension between these narratives: supporting inclusive low-carbon development pathways that go beyond technicist emission pathways to include political realities, cultural perspectives, and lived experiences; developing and using justice-oriented tools for policy analysis; and envisioning an expanded approach to capacity building.