After Solomon’s death his kingdom splits. Both Jeroboam in the North and Rehoboam in the South fail to rule successfully. According to the account in the Book of Kings, they are succeeded in both cases by rulers who, with few exceptions, are likewise failures. Interactions between Israelites and other peoples continue, featuring the usual pattern of battles on the one hand and commerce on the other. This time the battles rage between Israelites and warlike kings from the east. Rather than distractions or digressions of no account, such encounters are among the most urgent matters explored in the biblical narratives of Joshua through 2 Kings.