Earlier chapters have shown how schooling for all can be reached within 15 years in each of the nine countries. We have demonstrated that a strong mix of policy reforms, affecting the quality, availability and financing of schooling would need to be introduced, and sustained, by each of the governments, over the intervening years. However, even though much can be gained by the careful introduction of reforms to improve the efficiency of resource use, the achievement of SFA will, in each country, also require significantly more real per capita spending on education than has characterised the recent past. Yet, it is by no means clear that future economic growth in these countries will be strong enough to facilitate such spending increases. In that event, difficult choices about spending priorities would be required, and SFA may, once again, prove elusive.