The nearly all-male cast of the court tales of Daniel invites rather than precludes an analysis of gender in the stories when construing gender as things done in interactions with others that constitute individuals in particular sex categories. 1 While I begin with the texts to delimit the relevant issues rather than fully discussing masculinity in the late Persian and early Hellenistic periods, previous research on masculinity in the Hebrew Bible and its ancient Near Eastern context inevitably informs my reading of the court tales of Daniel. To highlight the point that my claims in this chapter about the court tales of Daniel depend on a discussion of the historical context, which subsequent chapters undertake, I present them using hypothetical language.