During the early 1980s, a major programme of innovative planning and development control proposals was pioneered in the Madras Metropolitan Area (MMA), sponsored and guided by the Madras Metropolitan Development Authority (MMDA). These embraced the making of a structure plan for the MMA entitled “Guidelines for Growth” – a joint operation between the MMDA and Alan Turner Associates, a British firm of planning consultants – and a thorough survey and report on the whole field of the management of urban growth, including the vexed question of the extent and effectiveness of the present system of development control, by the same consultants.