The Anglo-Boer War, latterly referred to as the South African War, like all nationalistic and colonial wars was a fundamental episode in the construction of the identity of the people at war. In the years leading to the war, during it and immediately afterwards, British and Afrikaner cultures, experiences and traditions as well as political interests and ideologies were at work to define the identity and behaviour of the enemy, and therefore the nature and limits of the political and social interactions between the warring factions.