Stressing the position and role of women in and around the military, Cynthia Enloe, born in 1938, followed in Jane Addams’ footsteps. Like Addams and others she linked the feminist perspective to the search for peace (e.g. Goldstein, 2006: 34–58). Developing a feminist view on military affairs, however, was not Enloe’s first scholarly activity. In the first part of her career she studied the relation between the police and the military, as well as aspects of ethnicity in the military (e.g. Enloe, 1977; 1978; 1980). Her work on ethnicity in the military is related to the research that was discussed in the chapter on W. E. B. Du Bois. In the current chapter, however, emphasis will be on her feminist perspective on the military, which will turn out to be quite radical in the eyes of many.