Of the three themes around which I am organizing discussion of embodied cognition, Replacement is most self-consciously opposed to the computational framework that lies at the core of standard cognitive science. We saw 145in our discussion of Conceptualization that a number of cognitive scientists suspect that this core is rotten. Insofar as they have an alternative to offer, they are engaged in the Replacement project as well as Conceptualization. However, the work we will examine in this chapter and the next is more dedicatedly aimed at showing computationalism to be the wrong approach for understanding cognition. Those who advocate for replacement believe that mental processes are not computational, but something else.