After a large number of farmland water conservancy projects have been built, they should be well utilized and managed. As proven by experiences already gained in the various areas, the key to effective management lies first in setting up a professional management structure, a strong management organization, and a clearly defined management system, and in implementing management by different levels under unified leadership. At the same time, the management of farmland water conservancy projects is directly related to the production and livelihood of the peasants. It also involves a great deal of work. Thus, in accordance with the principle of the coordination of professional organizations with mass organizations, project management committees should be set up, as well as such mass organizations as conferences of delegates of the irrigation districts, in order to help the professional management structure develop the various aspects of its work.