In this concluding chapter I draw together the major threads of research discussed in the text and consider the process of incarnating the Chaldean identity and communal presence in and to the Mesopotamian-Iraqi environment. I note how this context continues to influence contemporary Chaldean identity despite the majority of the community now being resident outside of Iraq. I discuss the efforts of the contemporary Chaldean patriarch, Louis Sako, to establish a joint East Syriac patriarchate through the union of the Chaldean Church and Church of the East. I consider the provisional response of the Church of the East and as to the long-term implications of such a plan for relations with the Holy See and other ecumenical and inter-Christian dialogues in the Middle East. I end with discussion of whether Christian-Muslim relations will recover in Iraq and as to the long-term resilience of the Chaldean population to sustain their presence and identity when faced with Da’esh/ISIL.