ABSTRACT

Women teachers will have responsibilities in at least two spheres: the public sphere of work and the private sphere of home and family. Particularly if the woman is married, but also if she is caring for parents or other relatives, the woman’s domestic obligations to partner, home and family will be lifelong. Both women and men have responsibilities in both spheres. Whereas men, however, can usually divide up their time and their commitments, devoting weekdays to their work and careers, and evenings and weekends to their families, for women these areas of responsibility and the expectations that women feel themselves to have, cannot be so readily compartmentalized. In the past this has resulted in much discussion about women’s two roles (Klein, 1965; Fonda and Moss, 1976; Barker and Allen, 1976b; Mackie and Pattillo, 1977) and about the problems of combining the dual responsibilities (Fonda and Moss, 1976; Harper and Richmonds, 1979; Yeandle, 1984). In recent analyses, researchers have more often focused on the politics of family life (Morgan, 1985) and on ideologies and structures which underlie male and female differences in role perception (Sharpe, 1984; Finch and Groves, 1983; Farganis, 1986).