There are certain key events in the lives of individual men and women which have major consequences for their work and careers. Such occurrences arise out of and are connected with their personal and private lives and can have short- or longer-term repercussions. They include the illnesses of family (including extended family) members, marriage and childbirth. The responsibilities arising out of such events, however, bear more heavily on women than men and, as a result, women’s work and careers in primary teaching are likely to be more dramatically affected.