Piracy has been the principal manifestation of maritime criminality since the earliest days of using platforms to transport people and goods at sea. The revival of piracy in Southeast Asia during the late 1970s and early 1980s witnessed a contextually unique, albeit innately connected, wave of maritime criminality that evolved into a more sophisticated threat during the 1990s and 2000s. In a similar manner, the upsurge of maritime piracy off the coast of Somalia after 2005 was inimitable in terms of context and modus operandi, but comparable given the inherent use of the sea as a space to conduct criminal activity. With this in mind, a number of conclusions, predictions and wider implications can be extrapolated from this analysis of the multifaceted attempts to counteract modern upsurges of piracy and armed robbery at sea in both Southeast Asia and Northeast Africa.