This book has focused on the fabric and circulation of development ideas and practices. It showed how Brazil has positioned itself as a key initiator of intellectual and action frameworks in global policy-making. In a context of weakened established trajectories of transfers of ‘best practices’ and development models, many scholars and practitioners have turned to the potential ‘adaptability’ of the Brazilian experience in poverty reduction for states facing similar challenges. However, questions centred on adaptability and reproducibility of the domestic trajectories or on the conditions for the transfer of these solutions have proved to be simplistic because they tend to envisage the ‘success’ of the transfer in terms of the degree of similarity to the ‘original’ model – the transfer in turn being considered as a final and accomplished product.