In Chapter 1, Sparks shows how the new sociology of punishment reflects the changes and uncertainties of a runaway world as well as the "primordial and unchanging" aspects of punishment. Garland, in Chapter 2, is also careful about identifying the "new." He moves to a broader sociological canvas-the much-proclaimed era of postmodern society-only to find the residues of modernism in penal practice. Jonathan Simon and Malcolm Feeley (Chapter 3) summarize their 1992 paper and look back now on their unambiguous announcement that a "new penology" was emerging. They also discuss the lack of congruence between the internal professional-academic discourse and general public opinion.