Egypt’s national movement, aiming at its liberation, took the British by surprise. The March riots erupted unexpectedly. Throughout the war the Egyptians—albeit per force—cooperated with the British and showed no sign of visible discontent. The British, on their part, fondly believing that the “golden age” of the Cromer era would continue indefinitely, were oblivious to the consequences of their policy and unaware of the profound changes that had been taking place in the Egyptian society during the war.