The Arabs used the Anglo-French Declaration in their armory of arguments as yet another tool to invalidate the Balfour Declaration and to justify their claim for independence. On this matter, we have the authoritative statement of Lord Halifax (E. F. L. Wood), then Under-Secretary of State for the Colonies, made in the House of Commons on 25 July 1921. Responding to a question, he affirmed that “The Declaration of a National Home for the Jews in Palestine was made in November 1917, i.e., just a year before the joint…[Anglo-French Declaration]. It is obvious, therefore, that nothing contained in the latter can be regarded as abrogating in any way the earlier pledge.” 1