Wilson’s string of hits convinced Gordy’s family to establish the Anna record label in Detroit, which in turn profited from a connection with Chess Re­ cords in Chicago. From 1958 to 1961 (when Anna was absorbed into Motown), Gordy produced many Anna releases. Me while, Gordy created Jobete records, which he also later absorbed into Motown. With his experience as a songwriter, producer, and publisher, Gordy sought to gain full control of his royalties, which he was splitting with the publisher, and nis recording. He also met Raynoma Lyles, with

whom he formed Ray-Ber Music Company, a pro­ ducer of cheap demonstration (“demo”) records.