Post -emergency management is often perceived as inclusive of a totality of management for all phases of emergency, both before and after. In the popular exposure that emergency management thus enjoys, it also inadvertently and dangerously absolves all other sectors of their responsibilities with regard to hazards. As a response to hazard management, nothing could be further from reality. This chapter also expresses the concern that the more there is a focus of attention by authorities on 'emergency planning', the more separate will planning become from its social context. Emergency management is after all, for people (victims and potential victims) - not for emergency planners; therefore it has to be evaluated from a social standpoint. There is at present, little room for public participation; and emergency planning already tends to be more directed towards major emergencies than towards more frequent minor ones, and on consequences rather than causes arising from the public domain.