The previous chapter reviewed a number of studies which ostensibly would suggest that alcohol consumption and crime are somehow linked. But one has to be careful in ascribing direct causality. Just because, for example, a high proportion of offenders had drunk alcohol prior to the offence does not mean that we can categorically conclude that alcohol consumption leads directly to offending. Such a conclusion is patently flawed as offending behaviour does not follow the majority of incidents where alcohol is consumed. Similarly many offences are committed by those who have not drunk alcohol. The link, if one does indeed exist, is therefore complex.