Suppose you find yourself having to decide whether to comply with or to violate some well-defined behavioral prescription. Imagine, for example, that you are trying to decide whether to report a certain type of nonsalary income on your tax return. Or you are a student wondering whether to seek impermissible help on a take-home examination. Or you are an individual endeavoring to sell an automobile and considering whether to fabricate information concerning the true condition of the vehicle. How do you go about making decisions concerning such matters? Do you make a conscious effort to weigh the costs and benefits associated with compliance and with violation? If so, what factors do you take into account and how do you weight them?