The five programs selected for discussion in this chapter represent a variety of types, none of which closely resembles the model described in chapter 2. They share the characteristics of being located in societies that place sometimes severe restrictions on the spatial mobility of females (varying in degree according to region, class, religion, and caste) and of generating new sources of income for rural women (see table 3-1 ) . All but one are producers' cooperatives organized into federations with a potential for reaching tens of thousands of rural women. All but one are self-sufficient economic enterprises with marketable products. However, they differ considerably in the types of services they offer, the socioeconomic and demographic characteristics of their workers, and the organization of the work setting.